Land-use planning in complex landscapes is a major challenge. Meeting the needs and desires of multiple stakeholders competing for the same area of land is never easy. Some focus on the production values of the landscape, others on the conservation importance of the land. However, new CEED research just out on how to achieve the biggest biodiversity benefits in mixed tropical forests has shown it is possible to meet production expectations and conservation targets simultaneously.
"Tropical forest landscapes face competing demands for conserving biodiversity, sustaining ecosystem services and accommodating production systems such as forestry and agriculture," says Dr Elizabeth Law, the researcher leading this investigation on multifunctional tropical forests in Indonesia.
The dodo, the passenger pigeon and the Tasmanian tiger are well-known victims of extinction caused by human behaviour, but could their status be used to help conservation efforts from beyond the grave?
CEED Researcher Dr Vanessa Adams, from The University of Queensland, and Dr Peter Kyne from the Charles Darwin University believe so.
As part of the Conversation's EcoCheck series, Assoc Prof Sarah Bekessy & Dr Georgia Garrard discuss the conservation fate of Victoria's grasslands.
CEED director Hugh Possingham has received formal recognition for his contribution to original research, elected as a foreign associate to the National Academy of Sciences alongside a small cohort of distinguished researchers.
The National Academy of Sciences, a not-for-profit institution established under President Lincoln in 1863, recognizes outstanding achievements in science by electing researchers to membership (US citizens) or foreign associate status (if a non-citizen). The Academy was established to provide science policy advice to the American federal government.
Professor Possingham was one of twenty-one scientists to be accepted as a foreign associate in the latest intake, and is the first Queensland-based academic to receive the honour.
"I am humbled to be recognized by such an illustrious institution. I would like to thank everyone I have worked with, and I hope I can use the election to further the cause of environmental science globally," Professor Possingham said.
Twenty Australian scientists are members of the Academy as a foreign associate.
Governments around the world pay farmers large sums of money each year to protect and restore biodiversity on farmland. When added together, these sums total billions of dollars and yet biodiversity is still in decline everywhere. After more than two decades of these schemes in Australia, what have we learnt? Are we getting the most of these investments, and how should we do things differently in the future?
For the first time, a light has been shone on the diversity of creatures that exists in the world's dark, deep seas.
A team of scientists, including CEED researchers, have created the first map of seafloor diversity across the world's oceans. The map reveals how patterns of biodiversity in the deep oceans fundamentally differ from those in shallow waters or on land.
IT'S TIME TO RESTORE OUR FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS.
Freshwater covers a tiny area of the planet’s surface, but is vital for our economies, environment and, of course, our survival. Yet freshwater is also among the most threatened ecosystems, where wildlife has declined faster than in the oceans or on land.
Faced with a barrage of human threats, how can we help our waterways? Our research, published in Biological Conservation, looks at the cheapest, most effective ways to restore our rivers.
After all, we all live downstream.
Read the full article from The Conversation by CEED researchers and affiliates Jonathan Rhodes (University of Queensland), Dr Chrystal Mantyka-Pringle (University of Saskatchewan) and Dr Tara Martin (CSIRO).
Research in recent years has revealed that many species of migratory shorebird that visit Australia every year are in dire trouble. Twelve migratory shorebird species are in rapid decline across Australia with several species now declared nationally threatened.
For much of our recent history societies have viewed mangroves as swamps, health hazards, and only good for draining and developing. Yet, fast forward to the present day and it is widely acknowledged that mangroves are anything but wastelands. In fact they provide highly valuable services such as coastal protection, habitat for wildlife, breeding grounds for fisheries, and carbon storage.
Connecting a fragmented landscape with human wellbeing
Look out an airplane window almost anywhere in the world and you'll see small patches of forest or grassland surrounded by fields or houses. This is fragmentation – the breaking apart of natural lands, habitat, and ecosystems into smaller pieces, usually because of human activities. Agricultural expansion, urban growth, road construction and the damming of rivers have all resulted in ecosystem fragmentation, with serious consequences for biodiversity loss.